November 20, 2015

POSTED BY

Rafael Esquer

CATEGORY

Seven Artists of the Mexican Revolution

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Artistically, the Mexican Revolution of 1910 originated a kind of cultural renaissance that creatively influenced entire generations. The movement of the Mexican people rising up in rebellion against the corrupt dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz led many artists to look inward in search of a Mexican artistic language. Before the …

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Artistically, the Mexican Revolution of 1910 originated a kind of cultural renaissance that creatively influenced entire generations. The movement of the Mexican people rising up in rebellion against the corrupt dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz led many artists to look inward in search of a Mexican artistic language.

Before the revolution, the Mexican art scene was heavily influenced by European aesthetics and sentiment. Diego Rivera’s murals diverged from the art of that time. Rivera along with fellow artists Jose Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros—who are known as los tres grandes or ‘the big three’—played a leading role in constructing a national identity.

Today, November 20th, 2015, Mexico celebrates the 105th anniversary of the start of the 1910-1917 Revolution. As a Mexican, I want to salute, with this post, all the fearless graphic artists, painters, writers, muralists, and photographers by presenting seven remarkable individuals who through their work have shown us what the revolution looked like. Enjoy and …Viva Mexico!

1. DAVID ALFARO SIQUEIROS (December 29, 1896 – January 6, 1974)

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Huelga de Cananea, mural “Del Porfirismo a la Revolución,” 1957-1966
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“From the Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz to the Revolution – The Revolutionaries.” 1957-65. Acrylic on plywood. Hall of the Revolution, National History Museum, Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City, Mexico.

2. JESUS HELGUERA (May 28, 1910 – December 5, 1971)

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“La Adelita,” one of the most famous corridos (folk songs) to come out of the Mexican Revolution. It is the story of a young woman in love with a sergeant who travels with him and his regiment.

3. JERONIMO HERNANDEZ MALDONADO (October 1, 1878 – December 2, 1955)

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First published in “La Nueva Era” newspaper. This iconic image of the Mexican Revolution was taken on Saturday, April 6, 1912 by Jeronimo Hernandez.

4. FRIDA KAHLO (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954)

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“La Adelita, Pancho Villa y Frida,” 1927, Oil on canvas mounted on board. 25 5/8″ x 17 3/4″ Tlaxcalteca Institute of Culture, Tlaxcala, Mexico

5. JOSE CLEMENTE OROZCO (November 23, 1883 – September 7, 1949)

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“Zapata,” 1930. Oil on canvas, 78 1/4 x 48 1/4 in., Art Institute Chicago
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“Zapatistas,” 1931. Oil on canvas, 45 x 55 in.

6. JOSE GUADALUPE POSADA (February 2, 1852 – January 20, 1913)

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“Calavera Zapatista,” woodcut, circa 1912

7. DIEGO RIVERA (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957)

“Agrarian Leader Zapata,” 1931, Fresco on reinforced cement in galvanized-steel framework, 7? 9 3/4? x 6? 2?

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